One time pads and Quantum Computers
bill.stewart at pobox.com
Wed Oct 16 17:46:32 PDT 2002
> > David E. Weekly[SMTP:david at weekly.org]
> > As for PKI being secure for 20,000 years, it sure as hell won't be if
> > those million-qubit prototypes turn out to be worth their salt.
> > Think more like 5-10 years. In fact, just about everything except
> > for OTP solutions will be totally, totally fucked.
At 02:50 PM 10/16/2002 -0400, Trei, Peter wrote:
>Not quite right. My understanding is that quantum
>computing can effectively halve the length of a
>symmettric key, but that does not take it down to zero.
>Thus, a 256 bit key would, in a QC world, be as secure
>as a 128 bit key today, which is to say, pretty good.
>It's the asymmetric algorithms which have problems.
Yeah. What we have to do for that is start thinking about ways
to apply Kerberos and similar technologies to real-world problems
besides the inside-an-organization ones they were originally designed for.
> David E. Weekly[SMTP:david at weekly.org]
> > Which means that you should start thinking about
> > using OTP *now* if you have secrets you'd like to keep past when an
> > adversary of yours might have access to a quantum computer. ...
OTPs won't help a bit for that problem.
They're fine for transmitting new data if you've already sent a pad,
but they're useless for storing secrets, because you can only decrypt
something if you've got the pad around, and you have to burn the pad after
Storing the encrypted secret message on your regular computers
while keeping the pad locked up in the safe is unlikely to be
any more convenient than keeping the plaintext locked up in the safe.
I suppose you could secret-share a one-time-pad,
but you could just as easily secret-share the secret message.
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