SciTechDaily: The Million Dollar Problem That Could Break Cryptography
jim bell
jdb10987 at yahoo.com
Thu Aug 4 00:41:40 PDT 2022
SciTechDaily: The Million Dollar Problem That Could Break Cryptography.
https://scitechdaily.com/the-million-dollar-problem-that-could-break-cryptography/
Usually, you can verify a solution to a problem. Whether it’s using multiplication for division or plugging the answer in for a variable, math teachers tell you to check your work using your answer in every school math class.
But let’s say you can verify a solution easily, is it just as easy to solve for that solution?
This is the P versus NP problem, a Millenium Prize Problem where the solver will receive a million dollars if valid proof is provided.
What is P versus NP?
In computer science, the efficiency of algorithms is very important. Most algorithms are believed to be “fast” if solvable in a standard called polynomial time. Polynomial time is when a problem is solvable in steps scaled by a factor of a polynomial given the complexity of input. So let’s say the complexity of input is some number n, a polynomial time algorithm will be able to solve a problem in nk steps.
Essentially, P vs NP is asking the question: Are problems that can have solutions verified in polynomial time, also have their answers solved in polynomial time?
NP-Completeness
An Euler Diagram showing the cases for NP-Completeness for P ≠ NP and P = NP. Credit: Behnam Esfahbod, Wikimedia Commons (CC
-------------- next part --------------
A non-text attachment was scrubbed...
Name: not available
Type: text/html
Size: 5730 bytes
Desc: not available
URL: <https://lists.cpunks.org/pipermail/cypherpunks/attachments/20220804/cdd9886e/attachment.txt>
More information about the cypherpunks
mailing list