Operation Condor: Sponsored Torture Murder in Latin America

grarpamp grarpamp at gmail.com
Sat Mar 9 02:01:59 PST 2019


Operation Condor (Spanish: Operación Cóndor, also known as Plan
Cóndor; Portuguese: Operação Condor) was a United States–backed
campaign of political repression and state terror involving
intelligence operations and assassination of opponents, officially
implemented in 1975 by the right-wing dictatorships of the Southern
Cone of South America. The program, nominally intended to eradicate
communist or Soviet influence and ideas, was created to suppress
active or potential opposition movements against the participating
governments' neoliberal economic policies, which sought to reverse the
economic policies of the previous era.[6][7]

Due to its clandestine nature, the precise number of deaths directly
attributable to Operation Condor is highly disputed. Some estimates
are that at least 60,000 deaths can be attributed to Condor, roughly
30,000 of these in Argentina,[8][9] and the so-called "Archives of
Terror" list 50,000 killed, 30,000 disappeared and 400,000
imprisoned.[5][10] American political scientist J. Patrice McSherry
gives a figure of at least 402 killed in operations which crossed
national borders in a 2002 source,[11] and mentions in a 2009 source
that of those who "had gone into exile" and were "kidnapped, tortured
and killed in allied countries or illegally transferred to their home
countries to be executed . . . hundreds, or thousands, of such
persons—the number still has not been finally determined—were
abducted, tortured, and murdered in Condor operations."[1] Victims
included dissidents and leftists, union and peasant leaders, priests
and nuns, students and teachers, intellectuals and suspected
guerillas.[11] Condor's key members were the governments in Argentina,
Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia and Brazil. Ecuador and Peru later
joined the operation in more peripheral roles.[12][13]

The United States government provided technical support and supplied
military aid to the participants during the Johnson, Nixon, Ford,
Carter, and Reagan administrations.[2] Such support was frequently
routed through the Central Intelligence Agency.

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