NSA's illegal surveillance of Americans

juan juan.g71 at gmail.com
Sat May 27 12:24:36 PDT 2017

On Sat, 27 May 2017 05:14:43 +0000 (UTC)
jim bell <jdb10987 at yahoo.com> wrote:

	"Re: NSA's illegal surveillance of Americans" 

	Lol. But surveillance of non americans is OK? And 'legal'
	surveillance of 'americans' is OK? 

	And isn't "national review" like a primary source for american
	But seriously, who the fuck 'americans' think they are talking
	as surveillance of 'americans' was a terrible thing?

> [partial quote follows]
> The NSA intentionally and routinely intercepted communications of
> American citizens in violation of the Constitution. During the Obama
> years, the National Security Agency intentionally and routinely
> intercepted and reviewed communications of American citizens in
> violation of the Constitution and of court-ordered guidelines
> implemented pursuant to federal law. The unlawful surveillance
> appears to have been a massive abuse of the government’s
> foreign-intelligence-collection authority, carried out for the
> purpose of monitoring the communications of Americans in the United
> States. While aware that it was going on for an extensive period of
> time, the administration failed to disclose its unlawful surveillance
> of Americans until late October 2016, when the administration was
> winding down and the NSA needed to meet a court deadline in order to
> renew various surveillance authorities under the Foreign Intelligence
> Surveillance Act (FISA). The administration’s stonewalling about the
> scope of the violation induced an exasperated Foreign Intelligence
> Surveillance Court to accuse the NSA of “an institutional lack of
> candor” in connection with what the court described as “a very
> serious Fourth Amendment issue.” (The court is the federal tribunal
> created in 1978 by FISA; it is often referred to as a “secret court”
> because proceedings before it are classified and ex parte — meaning
> only the Justice Department appears before the court.) The FISA-court
> opinion is now public, available here. The unlawful surveillance was
> first exposed in a report at Circa by John Solomon and Sara Carter,
> who have also gotten access to internal, classified reports. The
> story was also covered extensively Wednesday evening by James Rosen
> and Bret Baier on Fox News’s Special Report. According to the
> internal reports reviewed by Solomon and Carter, the illegal
> surveillance may involve more than 5 percent of NSA searches of
> databases derived from what is called “upstream” collection of
> Internet communications. As the FISA court explains, upstream
> collection refers to the interception of communications “as they
> transit the facilities of an Internet backbone carrier.” These are
> the data routes between computer networks. The routes are hosted by
> government, academic, commercial, and similar high-capacity network
> centers, and they facilitate the global, international exchange of
> Internet traffic. Upstream collection from the Internet’s “backbone,”
> which accounts for about 9 percent of the NSA’s collection haul (a
> massive amount of communications), is distinguished from interception
> of communications from more familiar Internet service providers.
> Upstream collection is a vital tool for gathering intelligence
> against foreign threats to the United States. It is, of course, on
> foreign intelligence targets — non-U.S. persons situated outside the
> U.S. — that the NSA and CIA are supposed to focus. Foreign agents
> operating inside the U.S. are mainly the purview of the FBI, which
> conducts surveillance of their communications through warrants from
> the FISA court — individualized warrants based on probable cause that
> a specific person is acting as an agent of a foreign power. The NSA
> conducts vacuum intelligence-collection under a different section of
> FISA — section 702. It is inevitable that these section 702
> surveillance authorities will incidentally intercept the
> communications of Americans inside the United States if those
> Americans are communicating with the foreign target. This does not
> raise serious Fourth Amendment concerns; after all, non-targeted
> Americans are intercepted all the time in traditional criminal
> wiretaps because they call, or are called by, the target. But FISA
> surveillance is more controversial than criminal surveillance because
> the government does not have to show probable cause of a crime — and
> when the targets are foreigners outside the U.S., the government does
> not have to make any showing; it may target if it has a legitimate
> foreign-intelligence purpose, which is really not much of a hurdle at
> all. So, as noted in coverage of the Obama administration’s
> monitoring of Trump-campaign officials, FISA section 702 provides
> some privacy protection for Americans: The FISA court orders
> “minimization” procedures, which require any incidentally intercepted
> American’s identity to be “masked.” That is, the NSA must sanitize
> the raw data by concealing the identity of the American. Only the
> “masked” version of the communication is provided to other U.S.
> intelligence agencies for purposes of generating reports and
> analyses. As I have previously explained, however, this system relies
> on the good faith of government officials in respecting privacy:
> There are gaping loopholes that permit American identities to be
> unmasked if, for example, the NSA or some other intelligence official
> decides doing so is necessary to understand the intelligence value of
> the communication. While that kind of incidental collection raises
> the concerns of privacy advocates, it is a small problem compared to
> upstream collection, the technology of which poses profound Fourth
> Amendment challenges.
> Read more at:
> http://www.nationalreview.com/article/447973/nsa-illegal-surveillance-americans-obama-administration-abuse-fisa-court-response

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