[liberationtech] FinFisher is now controlled by UK export controls

Ryan Gallagher ryan.gallagher at hotmail.com
Mon Sep 10 12:17:37 PDT 2012

Export controls on cryptographic items is not a new development in the UK or
anywhere else - https://www.gov.uk/specialist/export-of-cryptographic-items

The question in the case of FinSpy was whether it was to be classed as a Dual
Use item. The UK government appears to now be recognising that FinSpy is
indeed a Dual Use item and falls under Annex I of EC export regulations. Annex
I is designed to control exports of goods (cryptographic or otherwise)
"designed or modified for military use." So what the UK government is
implicitly recognising here is that FinSpy can be used as a military tool -- a
bit like a weapon -- and should be subject to the same controls. If they
implement this, it will mean Gamma will have to make an application for every
sale it wants to make outside of the EU, and this will have to be assessed
with the Dual Use criteria in mind. So any export will have to be considered
in terms of "the respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the
country of final destination." If the UK government suspects it could be used
for internal repression in the country of final destination, for example, they
will (theoretically at least) refuse the export.

In short, this is progress. Good work Eric.


> Date: Mon, 10 Sep 2012 18:39:51 +0000
> From: jacob at appelbaum.net
> To: liberationtech at lists.stanford.edu
> CC: eric at privacy.org
> Subject: Re: [liberationtech] FinFisher is now controlled by UK export
> Eric King:
> > Hi all,
> >
> > I thought this list would be interested to know that the British
Government has decided to place FinFisher under UK export controls. There are
a ton of questions that remain to be answered, and it's only part of the
bigger goal to control the export of surveillance technology, but it's a good
first step!
> >
> >> In a letter sent earlier in August to Privacy International's lawyers
Bhatt Murphy, a representative of the Treasury Solicitor stated:
> >>
> >> The Secretary of State, having carried out an assessment of the FinSpy
system to which your letter specifically refers, has advised Gamma
International that the system does require a licence to export to all
destinations outside the EU under Category 5, Part 2 (bInformation
Securityb) of Annex I to the Dual-Use Regulation. This is because it is
designed to use controlled cryptography and therefore falls within the scope
of Annex I to the Dual-Use Regulation. The Secretary of State also understands
that other products in the Finfisher portfolio could be controlled for export
in the same way."
> >>
> >> Press release is here:
> >>
> >>
> >> Full copy of the letter:
> > Best,
> >
> > Eric
> This is absolutely fucking horrible. They're controlling it based on
> *cryptography* after we WON the cryptowars? What. The. Fuck. And even
> worse, they must require a license? And they don't state categorically
> that they'll deny it on some kind of humanitarian or anti-crime related
> basis?
> I mean, I am sure this is the result of a lot of hard work by many
> people and I don't mean to imply any disrespect. Did this just undercut
> the work from the 90s? Wany people explicitly fought hard to win the
> decision of having our free speech rights apply to the net for code as
> speech.
> Argh,
> Jake
> --
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